2016 S&P 500 Return

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The S&P 500 Price index returned 9.84% in 2016 - and that is the number you'll see quoted most often in the press.  However, a more extensive calculation including dividends reveals that the true 2016 S&P 500 return was roughly 12.25%.

Including Dividend Reinvestment is the Key to True Return Comparisons on the S&P 500

We know... if you've been following us for a while, we tend to beat the dividend reinvestment drum quite a bit.  For the vast majority of investors (if not 100%) it's the actual benchmark to check against.

Although dividend timing, fees, slippage, taxes and other factors will cause individual returns to vary from the 12.25% number quoted, it's a closer approximation than price returns.  Assuming price returns are accurate is also assuming that investors in some way discard their dividends.  Unless investors are using burning dividend checks to heat their houses, this can't be accurate.

We get these numbers from S&P Dow Jones Indices, the owner of the S&P 500.  They estimate the effect of immediately reinvesting dividend payments of S&P 500 companies in the index.

Although DQYDJ doesn't have calculators with daily resolution, we have built some tools to look at monthly total returns and the S&P 500:

The 2016 S&P 500 Return

You can find the S&P 500 and the Total Return counterpart at Marketwatch.  Here's how they compared in 2016:
2016 S&P 500 Return and Total Return

2016 S&P 500 Return and Total Return

Simply including some accounting for dividends was the difference between a 'single digit' and a 10+% return on the S&P 500. Make sure you use the right one when you're benchmarking your own portfolios (and be sure to account for your own dividends!).

Here are the exact numbers for the S&P 500 in 2016.  We used the opening price on 1/4/2016 and the closing price on 12/30/2016 for these calculations.  (Ed: As pointed out by Sagitta in the comments, another methodology would be to use the close price last year as the start point - in that case you'd be looking at ~ 11.96% gain).

01/04/2016 Open12/31/2016 CloseAnnual Return
S&P 500 Total Return3811.744278.6712.25%
S&P 500 Index2038.202238.839.84%

See other S&P 500 annual returns:

Where do you see the S&P 500 going in 2017?  Will it do as well as in 2016?



PK started DQYDJ in 2009 to research and discuss finance and investing and help answer financial questions. He's expanded DQYDJ to build visualizations, calculators, and interactive tools.

PK lives in New Hampshire with his wife, kids, and dog.

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