A Collection of Peers: Younger Age Groups With Degrees and Full Time Jobs

October 9th, 2014 by 
PK

In our last deep dive into 2013 Current Population Survey data, we examined the total incomes of a demographic group which closely approximated the readers of this site: folks with at least a Bachelor's degree and working a full time job (defined as 40+ hours reported).

Well, to some degree that's a bit lazy... the majority of readers of this site are actually in their 30s.  Our examination lumped people from the age of 25 together with the largest ages in the samples (they are normalized/anonymized) - 85, in this case.

This article goes a bit further and gives the breakdown for folks who touched college in the last 15 years - the 25-39 age groups.

The Baseline Scenario: All Workers Over 18, and High Achieving Young Workers in the United States

Refresh your memory with our article about income differences for the general working population and high achieving full time job workers.  Here is the same data for all workers over 18 who reported working at least 1 hour weekly, and for all workers over 24 who reported 40+ hours and a Bachelor's degree.  Income refers to 'total income' - so all transfer payments, investment income, business income and wage income.

High Achieving Young Workers vs. Peers

High achieving young workers vs. general population

The Younger Subset

Of course, a lot of the total income statistics for the overall population, especially on the older end of the scale, will include more and more investment income (and for ages 62+, transfer income!).  So, we narrowed it down to age groups: 25-29, 30-34, and 35-39.  Here's what we found for various income quantiles:

Fulltime working Bachelor holding worker income quantiles, 2013

Source for High Achieving Young Worker Data

We downloaded the CPS microdata from the University of Minnesota’s Minnesota Population Center’s IPUMS-CPS site.

Miriam King, Steven Ruggles, J. Trent Alexander, Sarah Flood, Katie Genadek, Matthew B. Schroeder, Brandon Trampe, and Rebecca Vick. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 3.0. [Machine-readable database]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 2010.

What Does This Tell Us?

Well, if I broke it down by type of income received - as you get older, more and more of that top income comes from investments.  Consider that conclusion one: if you want to crack the top decile, you better be investing as you go along.

Second... really, this is the same as the last article.  Don't blindly compare yourself to the statistics as presented in general mainsteam financial media.  If you have chosen to work a fulltime job, and you've earned at least a Bachelor's degree... well, compare your earnings to other people in the same situation, not to the general population (which lumps in everyone from folks who drop out at the minimum legal age to folks with multiple advanced degrees, as well as people who don't work with people who work 2 fulltime jobs).

It also puts up more realistic numbers for you readers to think about.  29 years old with a Bachelor's and making $190,000 a year at a 50 hour a week job?  Guess what - you're the 1%, even though it isn't immediately obvious from looking at aggregate statistics countrywide.  It also shows that the median income for a person in this group is huge - remember the overall median household income in 2013 was right around $52,000.  The median individual income for a 30-34 year old with a Bachelor's degree and a fulltime job is around $54,000 - and for a 35-39 year old, a significantly higher $65,288.  A full (well, almost) quarter of 35-39 year old high achievers crack 6 figure incomes.

What do you take away from this data?  What did you expect for a difference for High Achieving Young Workers versus the general population?  Was the gap what you expected?

      

PK

PK started DQYDJ in 2009 to research and discuss finance and investing and help answer financial questions. He's expanded DQYDJ to build visualizations, calculators, and interactive tools.

PK is in his mid-30s and works and lives in the Bay Area with his wife, two kids, and dog.

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