S&P 500 Profit Margin History

Written by:
PK

On this page, you'll find an automatically updating history of the S&P 500 profit margin and the profit margin using the most recent trailing twelve month sales and earnings data. Additionally, find summary statistics on the maximum, minimum, average, and median profit margin, along with the history of the S&P 500 profit margin.

Under the exhaustive profit margin table, you'll find a visualization tool. Use it to graph the S&P 500 profit margin for the date range of your interest.

S&P 500 Profit Margin History Tool

Historical S&P 500 Profit Margin

Below is the monthly history of the S&P 500 Profit Margin ratio. Use the S&P 500 Return Calculator to see the most recent data details. Use the accordion below to expand the section and reveal the profit margin data.

The table shows the monthly estimates of earnings and sales per share, then the resulting monthly profit margin.

Historical S&P 500 Profit Margin by Month

The index value is the average closing price in a given month, while the sales and earnings are both the trailing 12-month (TTM) revenues. These are not point readings; they are estimates for individual months plus the previous eleven months to total one year.

The tool will extend the last known earnings and sales data for the most recent quarter or two. You'll see this in the repeating numbers at the end of the table.

MonthIndex AverageTTM Earnings/ShTTM Sales/ShProfit Margin
01-194618.020000$0.94$16.215.8%
02-194618.070000$0.92$16.615.54%
03-194617.530000$0.90$16.985.3%
04-194618.660000$0.88$17.385.06%
05-194618.700000$0.86$17.764.84%
06-194618.580000$0.84$18.164.63%
07-194618.050000$0.86$18.554.62%
08-194617.700000$0.87$18.944.61%
09-194615.090000$0.89$19.344.6%
10-194614.750000$0.95$19.734.8%
11-194614.690000$1.00$20.134.98%
12-194615.130000$1.06$20.525.16%
01-194715.210000$1.13$21.225.33%
02-194715.800000$1.20$21.915.48%
03-194715.160000$1.27$22.545.63%
04-194714.600000$1.33$23.235.71%
05-194714.340000$1.38$23.905.79%
06-194714.840000$1.44$24.605.85%
07-194715.770000$1.48$25.285.84%
08-194715.460000$1.51$25.995.82%
09-194715.060000$1.55$26.705.81%
10-194715.450000$1.57$27.405.73%
11-194715.270000$1.59$28.135.65%
12-194715.030000$1.61$28.845.58%
01-194814.830000$1.64$29.325.6%
02-194814.100000$1.68$29.815.62%
03-194814.300000$1.71$30.265.65%
04-194815.400000$1.76$30.735.73%
05-194816.150000$1.81$31.185.81%
06-194816.820000$1.86$31.645.88%
07-194816.420000$1.93$32.076.02%
08-194815.940000$2.00$32.526.15%
09-194815.760000$2.07$32.966.28%
10-194816.190000$2.14$33.386.42%
11-194815.290000$2.22$33.816.56%
12-194815.190000$2.29$34.236.69%
01-194915.360000$2.32$34.296.77%
02-194914.770000$2.35$34.356.84%
03-194914.910000$2.38$34.406.92%
04-194914.890000$2.39$34.356.95%
05-194914.780000$2.39$34.296.98%
06-194913.970000$2.40$34.247.01%
07-194914.760000$2.40$34.077.03%
08-194915.290000$2.39$33.907.06%
09-194915.490000$2.39$33.737.08%
10-194915.890000$2.37$33.457.07%
11-194916.110000$2.34$33.167.07%
12-194916.540000$2.32$32.887.05%
01-195016.880000$2.34$33.017.08%
02-195017.210000$2.35$33.147.1%
03-195017.350000$2.37$33.257.13%
04-195017.840000$2.43$33.497.25%
05-195018.440000$2.48$33.727.37%
06-195018.740000$2.54$33.957.48%
07-195017.380000$2.60$34.297.58%
08-195018.430000$2.66$34.657.68%
09-195019.080000$2.72$35.007.77%
10-195019.870000$2.76$35.467.78%
11-195019.830000$2.80$35.937.79%
12-195019.750000$2.84$36.397.81%
01-195121.210000$2.84$36.867.7%
02-195122.000000$2.83$37.327.59%
03-195121.630000$2.83$37.757.5%
04-195121.920000$2.79$38.237.31%
05-195121.930000$2.76$38.707.12%
06-195121.550000$2.72$39.186.94%
07-195121.930000$2.65$39.676.68%
08-195122.890000$2.58$40.186.42%
09-195123.480000$2.51$40.686.17%
10-195123.360000$2.49$41.206.04%
11-195122.710000$2.46$41.745.9%
12-195123.410000$2.44$42.265.77%
01-195224.190000$2.43$42.685.69%
02-195223.750000$2.41$43.105.6%
03-195223.810000$2.40$43.505.52%
04-195223.740000$2.38$43.785.44%
05-195223.730000$2.36$44.055.36%
06-195224.380000$2.34$44.325.28%
07-195225.080000$2.35$44.525.27%
08-195225.180000$2.35$44.735.26%
09-195224.780000$2.36$44.935.25%
10-195224.260000$2.37$45.265.24%
11-195225.030000$2.39$45.595.23%
12-195226.040000$2.40$45.925.23%
01-195326.180000$2.41$46.265.21%
02-195325.860000$2.42$46.595.19%
03-195325.990000$2.43$46.905.18%
04-195324.710000$2.46$47.305.19%
05-195324.840000$2.48$47.685.21%
06-195323.950000$2.51$48.085.22%
07-195324.290000$2.52$48.405.21%
08-195324.390000$2.54$48.735.21%
09-195323.270000$2.55$49.065.2%
10-195323.970000$2.54$48.975.18%
11-195324.500000$2.52$48.875.16%
12-195324.830000$2.51$48.785.15%
01-195425.460000$2.52$48.365.22%
02-195426.020000$2.54$47.945.29%
03-195426.570000$2.55$47.565.36%
04-195427.630000$2.57$47.125.46%
05-195428.730000$2.60$46.695.56%
06-195428.960000$2.62$46.255.66%
07-195430.130000$2.62$45.885.72%
08-195430.730000$2.63$45.505.77%
09-195431.450000$2.63$45.125.83%
10-195432.180000$2.68$45.065.94%
11-195433.440000$2.72$44.996.05%
12-195434.970000$2.77$44.936.16%
01-195535.600000$2.83$45.356.25%
02-195536.790000$2.90$45.786.33%
03-195536.500000$2.96$46.166.41%
04-195537.760000$3.05$46.696.53%
05-195537.600000$3.13$47.216.64%
06-195539.780000$3.22$47.746.74%
07-195542.690000$3.29$48.306.82%
08-195542.430000$3.37$48.886.89%
09-195544.340000$3.44$49.476.95%
10-195542.110000$3.50$50.027%
11-195544.950000$3.56$50.587.04%
12-195545.370000$3.62$51.137.08%
01-195644.150000$3.64$51.267.11%
02-195644.430000$3.67$51.387.14%
03-195647.490000$3.69$51.497.17%
04-195648.050000$3.66$51.557.1%
05-195646.540000$3.63$51.607.03%
06-195646.270000$3.60$51.666.97%
07-195648.780000$3.55$51.676.88%
08-195648.490000$3.51$51.686.79%
09-195646.840000$3.46$51.696.69%
10-195646.240000$3.44$51.706.66%
11-195645.760000$3.43$51.726.63%
12-195646.440000$3.41$51.736.59%
01-195745.430000$3.41$51.956.56%
02-195743.470000$3.40$52.176.52%
03-195744.030000$3.40$52.376.49%
04-195745.050000$3.41$52.526.49%
05-195746.780000$3.41$52.666.48%
06-195747.550000$3.42$52.816.48%
07-195748.510000$3.44$52.926.49%
08-195745.840000$3.45$53.046.51%
09-195743.980000$3.47$53.166.53%
10-195741.240000$3.44$53.066.48%
11-195740.350000$3.40$52.966.43%
12-195740.330000$3.37$52.856.38%
01-195841.120000$3.29$52.646.26%
02-195841.260000$3.22$52.426.14%
03-195842.110000$3.14$52.226.01%
04-195842.340000$3.07$52.005.9%
05-195843.700000$3.00$51.785.79%
06-195844.750000$2.93$51.565.68%
07-195845.980000$2.91$51.495.66%
08-195847.700000$2.90$51.415.63%
09-195848.960000$2.88$51.335.61%
10-195850.950000$2.88$51.555.59%
11-195852.500000$2.89$51.785.57%
12-195853.490000$2.89$52.005.56%
01-195955.620000$2.96$52.245.67%
02-195954.770000$3.04$52.485.79%
03-195956.160000$3.11$52.705.9%
04-195957.100000$3.21$53.146.03%
05-195957.960000$3.30$53.566.17%
06-195957.460000$3.40$53.996.3%
07-195959.740000$3.41$54.196.29%
08-195959.400000$3.42$54.406.29%
09-195957.050000$3.43$54.606.28%
10-195957.000000$3.42$54.666.25%
11-195957.230000$3.40$54.726.22%
12-195959.060000$3.39$54.786.19%
01-196058.030000$3.39$55.066.16%
02-196055.780000$3.39$55.336.13%
03-196055.020000$3.39$55.596.1%
04-196055.730000$3.35$55.636.02%
05-196055.220000$3.30$55.685.93%
06-196057.260000$3.26$55.735.85%
07-196055.840000$3.26$55.835.84%
08-196056.510000$3.27$55.945.84%
09-196054.810000$3.27$56.055.83%
10-196053.730000$3.27$56.065.83%
11-196055.470000$3.27$56.065.83%
12-196056.800000$3.27$56.065.83%
01-196159.720000$3.21$55.915.74%
02-196162.170000$3.15$55.755.65%
03-196164.120000$3.09$55.615.56%
04-196165.830000$3.07$55.635.52%
05-196166.500000$3.05$55.655.48%
06-196165.620000$3.03$55.675.44%
07-196165.440000$3.04$55.815.44%
08-196167.790000$3.04$55.955.44%
09-196167.260000$3.05$56.105.44%
10-196168.000000$3.10$56.455.49%
11-196171.080000$3.14$56.815.53%
12-196171.740000$3.19$57.175.58%
01-196269.070000$3.25$57.615.64%
02-196270.220000$3.31$58.065.7%
03-196270.290000$3.37$58.465.76%
04-196268.050000$3.40$58.855.78%
05-196262.990000$3.44$59.225.8%
06-196255.630000$3.47$59.605.82%
07-196256.970000$3.49$59.945.82%
08-196258.520000$3.51$60.295.82%
09-196258.000000$3.53$60.635.82%
10-196256.170000$3.58$60.895.87%
11-196260.040000$3.62$61.165.92%
12-196262.640000$3.67$61.425.98%
01-196365.060000$3.68$61.735.97%
02-196365.920000$3.70$62.055.96%
03-196365.670000$3.71$62.335.95%
04-196368.760000$3.75$62.685.99%
05-196370.140000$3.80$63.026.02%
06-196370.110000$3.84$63.376.06%
07-196369.070000$3.88$63.716.09%
08-196370.980000$3.92$64.066.12%
09-196372.850000$3.96$64.426.15%
10-196373.030000$3.98$64.776.14%
11-196372.620000$4.00$65.146.14%
12-196374.170000$4.02$65.496.14%
01-196476.450000$4.07$65.846.19%
02-196477.390000$4.13$66.196.23%
03-196478.800000$4.18$66.526.28%
04-196479.940000$4.23$66.856.33%
05-196480.720000$4.28$67.176.37%
06-196480.240000$4.33$67.506.41%
07-196483.220000$4.38$67.856.45%
08-196482.000000$4.42$68.216.49%
09-196483.410000$4.47$68.576.52%
10-196484.850000$4.50$68.916.53%
11-196485.440000$4.52$69.266.53%
12-196483.960000$4.55$69.616.54%
01-196586.120000$4.59$70.236.54%
02-196586.750000$4.64$70.856.54%
03-196586.830000$4.68$71.416.55%
04-196587.970000$4.73$72.036.57%
05-196589.280000$4.79$72.646.59%
06-196585.040000$4.84$73.276.61%
07-196584.910000$4.89$73.886.61%
08-196586.490000$4.93$74.516.62%
09-196589.380000$4.98$75.156.63%
10-196591.390000$5.05$75.906.65%
11-196592.150000$5.12$76.676.68%
12-196591.730000$5.19$77.426.7%
01-196693.320000$5.24$77.936.72%
02-196692.690000$5.29$78.436.74%
03-196688.880000$5.34$78.896.77%
04-196691.600000$5.38$79.396.78%
05-196686.780000$5.42$79.886.79%
06-196686.060000$5.46$80.396.79%
07-196685.840000$5.48$80.866.77%
08-196680.650000$5.49$81.346.75%
09-196677.810000$5.51$81.826.73%
10-196677.130000$5.52$82.216.72%
11-196680.990000$5.54$82.626.7%
12-196681.330000$5.55$83.016.69%
01-196784.450000$5.52$83.486.61%
02-196787.360000$5.48$83.956.53%
03-196789.420000$5.45$84.376.46%
04-196790.960000$5.41$84.756.38%
05-196792.590000$5.37$85.126.31%
06-196791.430000$5.33$85.506.23%
07-196793.010000$5.32$85.906.19%
08-196794.490000$5.31$86.316.15%
09-196795.810000$5.30$86.736.11%
10-196795.660000$5.31$87.216.09%
11-196792.660000$5.32$87.706.07%
12-196795.300000$5.33$88.186.04%
01-196895.040000$5.37$89.016.03%
02-196890.750000$5.40$89.856.01%
03-196889.090000$5.44$90.636%
04-196895.670000$5.48$91.645.98%
05-196897.870000$5.53$92.625.97%
06-1968100.500000$5.57$93.645.95%
07-1968100.300000$5.60$94.665.92%
08-196898.110000$5.63$95.715.88%
09-1968101.300000$5.66$96.775.85%
10-1968103.800000$5.69$97.825.82%
11-1968105.400000$5.73$98.905.79%
12-1968106.500000$5.76$99.945.76%
01-1969102.000000$5.78$100.335.76%
02-1969101.500000$5.80$100.715.76%
03-196999.300000$5.82$101.065.76%
04-1969101.300000$5.83$101.345.75%
05-1969104.600000$5.83$101.615.74%
06-196999.140000$5.84$101.895.73%
07-196994.710000$5.86$102.125.74%
08-196994.180000$5.87$102.355.74%
09-196994.510000$5.89$102.595.74%
10-196995.520000$5.85$102.695.7%
11-196996.210000$5.82$102.795.66%
12-196991.110000$5.78$102.895.62%
01-197090.310000$5.73$103.285.55%
02-197087.160000$5.68$103.675.48%
03-197088.650000$5.63$104.025.41%
04-197085.950000$5.59$104.395.36%
05-197076.060000$5.56$104.755.3%
06-197075.590000$5.52$105.135.25%
07-197075.720000$5.47$105.445.18%
08-197077.920000$5.41$105.775.12%
09-197082.580000$5.36$106.105.05%
10-197084.370000$5.28$106.304.97%
11-197084.280000$5.21$106.514.89%
12-197090.050000$5.13$106.714.81%
01-197193.490000$5.16$107.394.8%
02-197197.110000$5.19$108.074.8%
03-197199.600000$5.22$108.684.8%
04-1971103.000000$5.25$109.384.8%
05-1971101.600000$5.29$110.064.8%
06-197199.720000$5.32$110.764.8%
07-197199.000000$5.36$111.504.8%
08-197197.240000$5.39$112.274.8%
09-197199.400000$5.43$113.034.8%
10-197197.290000$5.52$114.044.84%
11-197192.780000$5.61$115.074.88%
12-197199.170000$5.70$116.084.91%
01-1972103.300000$5.74$116.744.91%
02-1972105.200000$5.77$117.414.92%
03-1972107.700000$5.81$118.034.92%
04-1972108.800000$5.86$118.714.94%
05-1972107.700000$5.92$119.384.96%
06-1972108.000000$5.97$120.064.97%
07-1972107.200000$6.03$120.814.99%
08-1972111.000000$6.08$121.585%
09-1972109.400000$6.14$122.355.02%
10-1972109.600000$6.23$123.275.06%
11-1972115.100000$6.33$124.215.09%
12-1972117.500000$6.42$125.125.13%
01-1973118.400000$6.55$126.545.17%
02-1973114.200000$6.67$127.975.21%
03-1973112.400000$6.80$129.255.26%
04-1973110.300000$6.94$130.645.31%
05-1973107.200000$7.09$131.985.37%
06-1973104.800000$7.23$133.375.42%
07-1973105.800000$7.38$134.725.48%
08-1973103.800000$7.54$136.115.54%
09-1973105.600000$7.69$137.505.59%
10-1973109.800000$7.85$138.805.65%
11-1973102.000000$8.00$140.155.71%
12-197394.780000$8.16$141.455.77%
01-197496.110000$8.23$143.855.72%
02-197493.450000$8.29$146.255.67%
03-197497.440000$8.36$148.425.63%
04-197492.460000$8.49$150.905.62%
05-197489.670000$8.61$153.305.62%
06-197489.790000$8.74$155.775.61%
07-197479.310000$8.86$158.195.6%
08-197476.030000$8.99$160.695.59%
09-197468.120000$9.11$163.205.58%
10-197469.440000$9.04$165.505.46%
11-197471.740000$8.96$167.885.34%
12-197467.070000$8.89$170.185.22%
01-197572.560000$8.74$169.705.15%
02-197580.100000$8.60$169.215.08%
03-197583.780000$8.45$168.785.01%
04-197584.720000$8.29$168.374.92%
05-197590.100000$8.12$167.974.84%
06-197592.400000$7.96$167.574.75%
07-197592.490000$7.89$167.534.71%
08-197585.710000$7.83$167.504.67%
09-197584.670000$7.76$167.474.63%
10-197588.570000$7.83$167.674.67%
11-197590.070000$7.89$167.894.7%
12-197588.700000$7.96$168.094.74%
01-197696.860000$8.19$170.474.81%
02-1976100.600000$8.43$172.844.88%
03-1976101.100000$8.66$175.064.95%
04-1976101.900000$8.86$177.255%
05-1976101.200000$9.05$179.375.05%
06-1976101.800000$9.25$181.565.09%
07-1976104.200000$9.35$183.385.1%
08-1976103.300000$9.45$185.275.1%
09-1976105.500000$9.55$187.155.1%
10-1976101.900000$9.67$188.905.12%
11-1976101.200000$9.79$190.715.13%
12-1976104.700000$9.91$192.465.15%
01-1977103.800000$9.97$193.535.15%
02-1977101.000000$10.02$194.605.15%
03-1977100.600000$10.08$195.575.15%
04-197799.050000$10.19$197.205.17%
05-197798.760000$10.31$198.775.19%
06-197799.290000$10.42$200.395.2%
07-1977100.200000$10.52$202.265.2%
08-197797.750000$10.61$204.195.2%
09-197796.230000$10.71$206.115.2%
10-197793.740000$10.77$208.055.18%
11-197794.280000$10.83$210.055.16%
12-197793.820000$10.89$211.995.14%
01-197890.250000$10.90$213.875.1%
02-197888.980000$10.91$215.765.06%
03-197888.820000$10.92$217.465.02%
04-197892.710000$11.02$219.605.02%
05-197897.410000$11.13$221.675.02%
06-197897.660000$11.23$223.815.02%
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03-1997792.160000$40.24$595.046.76%
04-1997763.930000$40.34$597.666.75%
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03-19981076.830000$39.54$620.756.37%
04-19981112.200000$39.35$620.636.34%
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10-19981032.470000$37.96$618.806.13%
11-19981144.430000$37.84$618.186.12%
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04-19991334.760000$39.26$636.196.17%
05-19991332.070000$40.14$640.576.27%
06-19991322.550000$41.02$645.106.36%
07-19991380.990000$42.00$648.996.47%
08-19991327.490000$42.98$653.016.58%
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06-20011238.710000$36.79$748.234.92%
07-20011204.450000$33.96$745.164.56%
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02-20021100.670000$24.70$723.883.41%
03-20021153.790000$24.70$718.013.44%
04-20021111.930000$25.38$715.423.55%
05-20021079.250000$26.06$712.903.66%
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04-20041133.360000$53.38$731.147.3%
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06-20041132.760000$56.15$739.427.59%
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08-20041088.940000$57.23$751.007.62%
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01-20051181.410000$59.14$794.647.44%
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04-20051164.430000$61.33$814.077.53%
05-20051178.280000$62.35$820.977.59%
06-20051202.250000$63.36$828.107.65%
07-20051222.240000$64.43$835.877.71%
08-20051224.270000$65.50$843.917.76%
09-20051225.920000$66.57$851.947.81%
10-20051191.960000$67.69$859.327.88%
11-20051237.370000$68.81$866.947.94%
12-20051262.070000$69.93$874.328%
01-20061278.730000$70.84$882.488.03%
02-20061276.650000$71.76$890.658.06%
03-20061293.740000$72.67$898.028.09%
04-20061302.170000$73.28$904.738.1%
05-20061290.010000$73.88$911.228.11%
06-20061253.170000$74.49$917.938.11%
07-20061260.240000$75.85$924.098.21%
08-20061287.150000$77.21$930.468.3%
09-20061317.740000$78.57$936.838.39%
10-20061363.380000$79.55$942.008.44%
11-20061388.640000$80.53$947.348.5%
12-20061416.420000$81.51$952.518.56%
01-20071424.160000$82.06$956.888.58%
02-20071444.800000$82.60$961.258.59%
03-20071406.950000$83.15$965.198.61%
04-20071463.640000$83.74$972.248.61%
05-20071511.140000$84.33$979.068.61%
06-20071514.190000$84.92$986.118.61%
07-20071520.710000$82.81$992.318.35%
08-20071454.620000$80.71$998.718.08%
09-20071497.120000$78.60$1,005.127.82%
10-20071539.660000$74.46$1,011.707.36%
11-20071463.390000$70.32$1,018.506.9%
12-20071479.220000$66.18$1,025.086.46%
01-20081378.760000$64.25$1,033.006.22%
02-20081354.870000$62.32$1,040.915.99%
03-20081316.940000$60.39$1,048.325.76%
04-20081370.470000$57.38$1,056.045.43%
05-20081403.220000$54.38$1,063.505.11%
06-20081341.250000$51.37$1,071.224.8%
07-20081257.330000$49.56$1,074.224.61%
08-20081281.470000$47.76$1,077.314.43%
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10-2008968.800000$35.59$1,067.903.33%
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12-2008877.560000$14.88$1,042.461.43%
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02-2009805.230000$9.53$1,012.200.94%
03-2009757.130000$6.86$998.540.69%
04-2009848.150000$7.08$979.910.72%
05-2009902.410000$7.29$961.880.76%
06-2009926.120000$7.51$943.250.8%
07-2009935.820000$9.19$929.990.99%
08-20091009.730000$10.86$916.291.19%
09-20091044.550000$12.54$902.591.39%
10-20091067.660000$25.35$904.512.8%
11-20091088.070000$38.16$906.484.21%
12-20091110.380000$50.97$908.405.61%
01-20101123.580000$54.29$912.045.95%
02-20101089.160000$57.61$915.696.29%
03-20101152.050000$60.93$918.986.63%
04-20101197.320000$62.99$923.536.82%
05-20101125.060000$65.04$927.947.01%
06-20101083.360000$67.10$932.497.2%
07-20101079.800000$68.69$936.897.33%
08-20101087.280000$70.27$941.447.46%
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10-20101171.580000$73.69$951.507.74%
11-20101198.890000$75.52$957.197.89%
12-20101241.530000$77.35$962.708.03%
01-20111282.620000$78.67$969.088.12%
02-20111321.120000$79.99$975.458.2%
03-20111304.490000$81.31$981.218.29%
04-20111331.510000$82.16$990.168.3%
05-20111338.310000$83.02$998.828.31%
06-20111287.290000$83.87$1,007.778.32%
07-20111325.190000$84.91$1,015.978.36%
08-20111185.310000$85.94$1,024.458.39%
09-20111173.880000$86.98$1,032.928.42%
10-20111207.220000$86.97$1,039.488.37%
11-20111226.420000$86.96$1,046.278.31%
12-20111243.320000$86.95$1,052.838.26%
01-20121300.580000$87.48$1,058.438.27%
02-20121352.490000$88.01$1,064.038.27%
03-20121389.240000$88.54$1,069.278.28%
04-20121386.430000$88.33$1,070.868.25%
05-20121341.270000$88.13$1,072.408.22%
06-20121323.480000$87.92$1,073.998.19%
07-20121359.780000$87.45$1,074.978.13%
08-20121403.450000$86.97$1,075.988.08%
09-20121443.420000$86.50$1,076.998.03%
10-20121437.820000$86.50$1,082.067.99%
11-20121394.510000$86.51$1,087.317.96%
12-20121422.290000$86.51$1,092.387.92%
01-20131480.400000$86.91$1,093.567.95%
02-20131512.310000$87.30$1,094.757.97%
03-20131550.830000$87.70$1,095.828%
04-20131570.700000$88.78$1,098.908.08%
05-20131639.840000$89.87$1,101.888.16%
06-20131618.770000$90.95$1,104.968.23%
07-20131668.680000$92.09$1,108.368.31%
08-20131670.090000$93.23$1,111.878.38%
09-20131687.170000$94.37$1,115.388.46%
10-20131720.030000$96.31$1,115.858.63%
11-20131783.540000$98.26$1,116.348.8%
12-20131807.780000$100.20$1,116.818.97%
01-20141822.360000$100.42$1,119.988.97%
02-20141817.040000$100.63$1,123.148.96%
03-20141863.520000$100.85$1,126.008.96%
04-20141864.260000$101.61$1,131.128.98%
05-20141889.770000$102.36$1,136.079.01%
06-20141947.090000$103.12$1,141.189.04%
07-20141973.100000$104.07$1,145.649.08%
08-20141961.530000$105.01$1,150.259.13%
09-20141993.230000$105.96$1,154.869.18%
10-20141937.270000$104.74$1,157.659.05%
11-20142044.570000$103.53$1,160.528.92%
12-20142054.270000$102.31$1,163.318.79%
01-20152028.180000$101.29$1,160.988.72%
02-20152082.200000$100.27$1,158.658.65%
03-20152079.990000$99.25$1,156.548.58%
04-20152094.860000$97.80$1,152.838.48%
05-20152111.940000$96.36$1,149.258.38%
06-20152099.290000$94.91$1,145.548.29%
07-20152094.140000$93.49$1,142.488.18%
08-20152039.870000$92.08$1,139.338.08%
09-20151944.410000$90.66$1,136.177.98%
10-20152024.810000$89.28$1,133.197.88%
11-20152080.620000$87.91$1,130.117.78%
12-20152054.080000$86.53$1,127.137.68%
01-20161918.600000$86.50$1,127.427.67%
02-20161904.420000$86.47$1,127.707.67%
03-20162021.950000$86.44$1,127.977.66%
04-20162075.540000$86.60$1,129.067.67%
05-20162065.550000$86.76$1,130.127.68%
06-20162083.890000$86.92$1,131.217.68%
07-20162148.900000$87.64$1,133.567.73%
08-20162170.950000$88.37$1,136.007.78%
09-20162157.690000$89.09$1,138.437.83%
10-20162143.020000$90.91$1,142.477.96%
11-20162164.990000$92.73$1,146.648.09%
12-20162246.630000$94.55$1,150.688.22%
01-20172275.120000$96.46$1,157.148.34%
02-20172329.910000$98.38$1,163.608.45%
03-20172366.820000$100.29$1,169.438.58%
04-20172359.310000$101.53$1,174.958.64%
05-20172395.350000$102.78$1,180.308.71%
06-20172433.990000$104.02$1,185.828.77%
07-20172454.100000$105.04$1,191.458.82%
08-20172456.220000$106.06$1,197.288.86%
09-20172492.840000$107.08$1,203.108.9%
10-20172557.000000$108.01$1,212.498.91%
11-20172593.610000$108.95$1,222.188.91%
12-20172664.340000$109.88$1,231.578.92%
01-20182789.800000$111.73$1,241.089%
02-20182705.160000$113.59$1,250.599.08%
03-20182702.770000$115.44$1,259.189.17%
04-20182653.630000$117.79$1,270.529.27%
05-20182701.490000$120.13$1,281.509.37%
06-20182754.350000$122.48$1,292.849.47%
07-20182793.640000$125.12$1,303.629.6%
08-20182857.820000$127.75$1,314.759.72%
09-20182901.500000$130.39$1,325.899.83%
10-20182785.460000$131.06$1,331.539.84%
11-20182723.230000$131.72$1,337.379.85%
12-20182567.310000$132.39$1,343.019.86%
01-20192607.390000$133.06$1,349.379.86%
02-20192754.860000$133.72$1,355.739.86%
03-20192803.980000$134.39$1,361.479.87%
04-20192903.800000$134.68$1,367.299.85%
05-20192854.710000$134.98$1,372.929.83%
06-20192890.170000$135.27$1,378.749.81%
07-20192996.110000$134.48$1,383.229.72%
08-20192897.500000$133.69$1,387.869.63%
09-20192982.160000$132.90$1,392.499.54%
10-20192977.680000$135.09$1,399.919.65%
11-20193104.900000$137.28$1,407.599.75%
12-20193176.750000$139.47$1,415.019.86%
01-20203278.200000$131.76$1,412.889.33%
02-20203277.310000$124.04$1,410.748.79%
03-20202652.390000$116.33$1,408.758.26%
04-20202761.980000$111.30$1,396.527.97%
05-20202919.620000$104.93$1,384.687.58%
06-20203104.660000$99.23$1,372.457.23%
07-20203207.620000$100.68$1,369.747.35%
08-20203391.710000$98.56$1,366.947.21%
09-20203365.520000$98.22$1,364.147.2%
10-20203418.700000$95.01$1,363.566.97%
11-20203548.990000$93.23$1,362.976.84%
12-20203695.310000$90.74$1,362.396.66%
01-20213793.750000$105.49$1,373.237.68%
02-20213883.430000$116.84$1,384.068.44%
03-20213910.510000$128.20$1,393.859.2%
04-20214141.180000$138.39$1,417.079.77%
05-20214167.850000$148.57$1,439.5310.32%
06-20214238.490000$158.76$1,462.7510.85%
07-20214363.710000$164.32$1,478.5211.11%
08-20214454.210000$169.87$1,494.8111.36%
09-20214445.540000$175.43$1,511.1111.61%
10-20214460.710000$182.91$1,529.4711.96%
11-20214667.390000$190.39$1,548.4412.3%
12-20214674.770000$197.87$1,566.8012.63%
01-20224573.820000$197.88$1,583.9112.49%
02-20224435.980000$197.90$1,601.0212.36%
03-20224391.270000$197.91$1,616.4812.24%
04-20224391.300000$196.03$1,632.2812.01%
05-20224040.360000$194.14$1,647.5611.78%
06-20223898.950000$192.26$1,663.3611.56%
07-20223911.730000$190.58$1,680.0811.34%
08-20224158.560000$188.91$1,697.3511.13%
09-20223850.520000$187.23$1,714.6210.92%
10-20223726.050000$182.40$1,727.3810.56%
11-20223917.490000$177.58$1,740.1410.2%
12-20223912.380000$172.75$1,752.909.86%
01-20233960.660000$173.56$1,765.479.83%
02-20234079.680000$174.36$1,778.039.81%
03-20233968.560000$175.17$1,790.609.78%
04-20234121.470000$175.17$1,790.609.78%
05-20234146.170000$175.17$1,790.609.78%
06-20234345.370000$175.17$1,790.609.78%
07-20234508.080000$175.17$1,790.609.78%

Using the S&P 500 Profit Margin Tool

The S&P 500 profit margin visualization tool lets you zoom in and out on the margin history. You can see individual point estimates directly from the graph. Hover on desktop or laptop, or tap the graph on mobile or tablet to see the monthly value.

The graph on the bottom will control the zoom. Drag the window or move the handles on the right and left of the smaller window and change the historical view in the top graph.

On the top right of the main graph, there are a few tools to make using the data easier. For example, if you expand the hamburger menu, you can export the chart as a png or svg graphic, or export the backing data to a CSV for your analysis.

S&P 500 Profit Margin Summary Statistics

When you loaded the page, the tool automatically tallied summary statistics for the S&P 500. You'll find:

  • Current Profit Margin – The S&P 500 profit margin using trailing twelve-month revenue and earnings estimates for the last date/data pair in the tool
  • Average – The average profit margin over all-time on the S&P 500 and pre-market history, using monthly samples
  • Median – The median profit margin ratio over the history of the S&P 500
  • Minimum – The minimum profit margin ratio found in the dataset
  • Maximum – The maximum profit margin ratio found in the dataset
  • Last Data Point – The last 'full month' of sales and earnings data, based on when the data for the S&P 500 Return Calculator is updated

What is the Profit Margin?

Profit margin is the earnings of a venture, project, company, or index divided by the total amount of top-line sales. Profit margin represents the efficiency of earnings by showing the dollars in sales required for a dollar in profit. When applied to the S&P 500 (as I've done here), it is the earnings per share over the sales per share in proportion to the S&P 500's market capitalization.

Traditionally, profit margins are generally expressed for quarters or years. In this tool, they are annual profit margins using trailing twelve month point estimates of the earnings and sales in individual quarters. That makes December profit margins the most comparable to full-year company profit margins.

Can the profit margin be used for market valuation?

Yes, with significant caveats. Profit margins are helpful to compare to history as a blunt measure of the power of companies to earn at the expense of other inputs – especially labor or employment costs. It's also possible that sustained high margins could lead to regulation, law, and accounting changes that affect company earnings.

I discussed the advantages and shortcomings of earnings and sales-based metrics in the S&P 500 Price to Sales Ratio and Price to Earnings ratio posts. Earnings are especially vulnerable to market and business cycles, accounting changes, and changes in law and regulations. However, the character of revenue has changed as the S&P 500 has shifted from raw materials and industrials to a higher percentage of technology firms. And, yes, both earnings and revenues can be misstated or inflated – Enron is the go-to case study.

Profit margin measures, in aggregate, suffer from both weaknesses. Since they are based on earnings, profit margins are also subject to market cycles. They are also affected by company structure and industry mix. Some industries, like software, have fewer Costs of Goods Sold (or COGS) and higher profit margins than (for example) industrials and consumer goods companies or even peer technology companies structured as marketplaces.

In short: be very careful with profit margins, especially when comparing over time. But you shouldn't ignore it.

S&P 500 Profit Margin Sources and Methodology

Warnings and Disclaimers

I've done my best with the estimates in this tool and post. However, I cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data, nor can I state that my methodology is proper. Don't make any investment decisions based on the data in the tool or post and consult your personal investment advisor.

Many data points are proxies and estimates. You should view the data in this tool as a starting point for your own research, create your own methodology, and write your own code to find superior estimates in individual months.

Although never the sole source of sales estimates, some data sets I used as inputs to the sales data set used profit margin estimates. Using the estimates again in this way is something approximating a light circular reference – you might prefer to re-estimate sales without using profit margin datasets.

And as always: data will be revised without warning. Download any data you'd like to archive, since I don't maintain an archive of any data before I revise.

Other Measures of Market Valuation

There are a lot of inputs to profit margin, and it's certainly an interesting value. However, some of these other posts might have a valuation metric more suitable for your purposes:

      

PK

PK started DQYDJ in 2009 to research and discuss finance and investing and help answer financial questions. He's expanded DQYDJ to build visualizations, calculators, and interactive tools.

PK is in his mid-30s and lives in New Hampshire with his wife, kids, and dog.

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