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Income by Race: Average, Top One Percent, Median, and Inequalities

Written by:
PK

On this page, find United States average individual income by race and ethnicity and median individual income by race and ethnicity in 2021. You'll also find the top 1% individual income by race and ethnicity and an income by race and ethnicity calculator (and visualization). Incomes are earned between January and December 2020.

Optionally, plot multiple races and ethnicities in the tool to visualize income inequality by race.

We have statistics for:

  • White Non-Hispanic
  • Hispanic or Latino of any Race
  • Black
  • Asian
  • American Indian
  • Pacific Islander
  • Two or More Races

Average, Median, and Top 1% Income by Race and Hispanic Origin

This table contains the average, median, and top 1% individual income for selected races and ethnicities. Country-wide, the average individual income was $63,214.03, the median income was $44,225.00, and the top 1% income was $357,552.00 in 2021.

Race/EthnicityAverage IncomeMedian IncomeTop 1% Income
White Non-Hispanic$71,125.40$50,106.00$401,400.00
Black$48,761.39$35,002.00$251,800.00
American Indian$48,174.95$33,876.00$285,270.00
Asian$79,119.52$55,002.00$404,494.00
Pacific Islander$52,218.11$36,000.00$311,500.00
Two or More Races$52,238.76$36,388.00$317,500.00
Hispanic or Latino$42,164.96$30,760.00$212,000.00

Here's that data in graphical form – top 1% income, average income, and median individual income by race or ethnicity.

Income by race and ethnicity USA 2021

Race and Ethnicity Income Visualization, Comparison, and Tool

Below is a calculator for income percentile by race and ethnicity. Enter race or ethnicity and income earned in full-year 2020, and we'll plot it against other earners in the same cohort. Additionally, you can visualize income inequality by race by adjusting the comparison field.

Income Percentile by Race and Ethnicity Methodology

This data uses 2021 IPUMS-CPS data to calculate incomes. See the income percentile calculator for more details and a description of my "worker" screen.

Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Renae Rodgers, Steven Ruggles and J. Robert Warren. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Curhttps:/Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Renae Rodgers, Steven Ruggles, J. Robert Warren and Michael Westberry. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 9.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2021. https://doi.org/10.18128/D030.V9.0

Workforce Size by Race

The next table shows how many samples I used

Race/EthnicitySamplesEstimated Workers
White Non-Hispanic       50,880           106,886,896
Black         9,304             20,955,220
American Indian            919               1,249,051
Asian         5,563             10,741,913
Pacific Islander            400                  568,638
Two or More Races         1,498               2,806,833
Hispanic or Latino of Any Race       16,403             31,249,627

Interested in past data? Find previous editions here:

      

PK

PK started DQYDJ in 2009 to research and discuss finance and investing and help answer financial questions. He's expanded DQYDJ to build visualizations, calculators, and interactive tools.

PK is in his mid-30s and works and lives in the Bay Area with his wife, two kids, and dog.

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