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Average Income by State plus Median, Top 1%, and All Income Percentiles in 2020

Written by:
PK

In this post you'll find household income by state and individual income by state statistics for the United States in 2020. Also on the page is average income by state for households or individual workers, plus the median income and top 1% income for the same divisions.

Income is pre-tax (gross) income earned between January and December 2019.

We also have aggregated research on household income and individual income.

Household Income by State in 2020

As the most important measure of income, household income leads our income by state roundup.

Total earnings in a household best determines a household's standard of living, as people in a household can pool earnings. Even though individual income can be useful to compare – or are even more fun to compare – household income is the more important measure.

You can find more on household income percentiles here.

Average Household Income by State

Average household income is a common benchmark, but please note that it is skewed by high earning households. In the United States, the average household income was $97,973.61 in 2020.

(That would be the 65th household income percentile on its own.)

Average Household Income by State in 2020

Here was the average household income per state (and Washington, D.C.) in 2020:

StateAverage Income
Alabama$78,871.29
Alaska$100,086.45
Arizona$96,364.72
Arkansas$77,637.36
California$111,632.93
Colorado$107,936.13
Connecticut$117,303.22
Delaware$102,639.68
District of Columbia$134,385.32
Florida$85,581.31
Georgia$84,224.69
Hawaii$105,978.87
Idaho$91,721.86
Illinois$103,958.50
Indiana$87,139.09
Iowa$86,536.71
Kansas$96,719.61
Kentucky$87,474.11
Louisiana$78,124.94
Maine$84,312.62
Maryland$125,053.40
Massachusetts$127,460.73
Michigan$92,073.46
Minnesota$104,195.36
Mississippi$65,648.61
Missouri$83,396.09
Montana$81,638.21
Nebraska$93,878.49
Nevada$92,457.31
New Hampshire$114,680.66
New Jersey$119,305.58
New Mexico$71,531.93
New York$105,571.94
North Carolina$84,727.74
North Dakota$90,647.13
Ohio$90,396.68
Oklahoma$84,974.15
Oregon$107,795.68
Pennsylvania$99,681.52
Rhode Island$98,980.03
South Carolina$83,649.63
South Dakota$83,574.96
Tennessee$81,911.63
Texas$98,362.04
Utah$112,799.70
Vermont$95,683.34
Virginia$114,127.44
Washington$110,680.46
West Virginia$72,857.68
Wisconsin$90,695.26
Wyoming$84,500.23

Median Household Income by State

In most ways, median household income is the superior statistic when evaluating how American households are doing. Median household income means that half of all households earn more and half earn less.

Median Household Income by State in 2020

Across the entire United States, the median household income was $68,400.00 in 2020. Here is the median household income by state (And Washington, D.C.):

StateMedian Household Income
Alabama$55,935.00
Alaska$78,038.00
Arizona$70,080.00
Arkansas$54,322.00
California$78,002.00
Colorado$72,400.00
Connecticut$87,005.00
Delaware$74,051.00
District of Columbia$93,000.00
Florida$58,150.00
Georgia$56,480.00
Hawaii$88,101.00
Idaho$65,326.00
Illinois$74,030.00
Indiana$66,882.00
Iowa$65,635.00
Kansas$73,110.00
Kentucky$55,520.00
Louisiana$51,760.00
Maine$65,800.00
Maryland$95,310.00
Massachusetts$87,264.00
Michigan$63,769.00
Minnesota$81,260.00
Mississippi$44,092.00
Missouri$60,010.00
Montana$60,000.00
Nebraska$73,000.00
Nevada$70,627.00
New Hampshire$86,800.00
New Jersey$87,352.00
New Mexico$53,021.00
New York$71,300.00
North Carolina$60,300.00
North Dakota$70,000.00
Ohio$64,782.00
Oklahoma$59,303.00
Oregon$73,900.00
Pennsylvania$69,913.00
Rhode Island$70,002.00
South Carolina$61,476.00
South Dakota$63,600.00
Tennessee$56,615.00
Texas$67,280.00
Utah$84,517.00
Vermont$73,800.00
Virginia$81,000.00
Washington$82,175.00
West Virginia$53,520.00
Wisconsin$67,163.00
Wyoming$64,587.00

Top 1% Household Income by State

The top 1% household income is a popular measure for affluence. Countrywide, the threshold for the top 1% was $531,020.00 in 2020.

Top 1% Household Income by State in 2020

Here is the top 1% household income by state:

StateTop 1% Household Income
Alabama$375,020.00
Alaska$403,841.00
Arizona$525,150.00
Arkansas$449,066.00
California$648,482.00
Colorado$562,500.00
Connecticut$587,377.00
Delaware$465,972.00
District of Columbia$913,312.00
Florida$545,548.00
Georgia$380,137.00
Hawaii$443,192.00
Idaho$489,981.00
Illinois$583,957.00
Indiana$360,012.00
Iowa$362,576.00
Kansas$564,401.00
Kentucky$516,469.00
Louisiana$484,033.00
Maine$329,232.00
Maryland$659,690.00
Massachusetts$677,400.00
Michigan$519,812.00
Minnesota$481,681.00
Mississippi$333,715.00
Missouri$351,225.00
Montana$395,350.00
Nebraska$397,620.00
Nevada$406,124.00
New Hampshire$596,154.00
New Jersey$663,508.00
New Mexico$300,774.00
New York$621,321.00
North Carolina$509,000.00
North Dakota$464,000.00
Ohio$444,024.00
Oklahoma$423,361.00
Oregon$651,531.00
Pennsylvania$552,899.00
Rhode Island$529,030.00
South Carolina$436,200.00
South Dakota$367,075.00
Tennessee$470,002.00
Texas$565,719.00
Utah$597,450.00
Vermont$438,421.00
Virginia$698,202.00
Washington$516,764.00
West Virginia$330,660.00
Wisconsin$466,384.00
Wyoming$343,100.00

Note that near the top, the income distribution isn't as "well behaved". There are larger gaps between percentiles, so you should take the top 1% with a grain of salt.

In the next section, I'll list how many samples there were in a state (and how they map to households) so you can use your expertise to think about how close the "actual" number may be.

Household Income by State Methodology

I make my income calculations on microdata from the United States Census Bureau’s Annual ASEC survey. Specifically, I use the harmonized data from the University of Minnesota. You can find more details in the average household income post.

Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Renae Rodgers, Steven Ruggles and J. Robert Warren. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020.
https://doi.org/10.18128/D030.V8.0

Household Income Data Quality and Households Per State

This next table shows the number of households in the survey per state, plus the number of households implied by those weighting for 2020.

StateEstimated HouseholdsSamples
Alabama             1,983,435          1,295
Alaska                259,186             714
Arizona             2,806,872          1,023
Arkansas             1,232,952          1,101
California           14,096,269          5,529
Colorado             2,357,674             734
Connecticut             1,396,528             603
Delaware                372,561             612
District of Columbia                330,846          1,118
Florida             8,893,205          2,894
Georgia             4,076,706          1,360
Hawaii                476,068             856
Idaho                708,416             969
Illinois             5,046,457          1,580
Indiana             2,699,134             977
Iowa             1,304,614             716
Kansas             1,084,330             744
Kentucky             1,824,191             670
Louisiana             1,878,521          1,484
Maine                575,323             468
Maryland             2,362,736             735
Massachusetts             2,737,789          1,247
Michigan             4,199,842          1,412
Minnesota             2,344,371             801
Mississippi             1,163,990          1,132
Missouri             2,556,957             822
Montana                465,785          1,067
Nebraska                745,658             777
Nevada             1,234,453             888
New Hampshire                543,606             749
New Jersey             3,270,333          1,090
New Mexico                843,940          1,186
New York             7,610,431          2,462
North Carolina             4,355,297          1,418
North Dakota                324,435             901
Ohio             4,721,969          1,401
Oklahoma             1,585,699             932
Oregon             1,680,749             951
Pennsylvania             5,214,314          1,569
Rhode Island                451,237             524
South Carolina             2,160,213          1,015
South Dakota                357,940             692
Tennessee             2,788,863          1,112
Texas           10,410,298          3,397
Utah             1,063,381             881
Vermont                275,455             752
Virginia             3,345,835          1,133
Washington             2,975,901          1,154
West Virginia                744,149          1,111
Wisconsin             2,410,999             864
Wyoming                238,289             838

Individual Income by State in 2020

As I wrote above, household income is a better measure of spending power than individual income. However, often individual income is what you need to check – and it is often more interesting.

These stats below try to filter out people not in the workforce. The remaining set is people who worked in 2019 – or even wanted to work. You can find more information on individual income statistics here, and it also goes into details on the full screen.

Average Individual Income by State

The average individual income in America in 2019 was $62,518.13. Remember: this number is skewed by high earners; be sure to check out median income below for a better measure of most people.

Average Individual Income by State in 2020

Here's the average individual income by state (and D.C.):

StateAverage Income
Alabama$54,813.68
Alaska$58,920.08
Arizona$57,407.70
Arkansas$55,897.80
California$66,461.85
Colorado$67,241.75
Connecticut$72,776.72
Delaware$59,517.97
District of Columbia$95,567.30
Florida$57,369.16
Georgia$56,713.19
Hawaii$57,290.63
Idaho$57,954.26
Illinois$66,554.70
Indiana$55,290.18
Iowa$51,783.06
Kansas$58,572.18
Kentucky$61,705.77
Louisiana$56,446.95
Maine$54,000.26
Maryland$73,647.05
Massachusetts$77,199.91
Michigan$61,395.79
Minnesota$65,222.83
Mississippi$46,953.35
Missouri$54,788.51
Montana$53,281.59
Nebraska$56,649.33
Nevada$58,938.59
New Hampshire$66,598.99
New Jersey$73,159.13
New Mexico$48,371.89
New York$69,086.59
North Carolina$57,566.96
North Dakota$58,875.96
Ohio$58,753.66
Oklahoma$57,103.57
Oregon$66,693.35
Pennsylvania$62,966.43
Rhode Island$65,078.69
South Carolina$57,521.78
South Dakota$52,521.75
Tennessee$55,108.40
Texas$60,816.03
Utah$60,920.73
Vermont$61,746.07
Virginia$72,435.83
Washington$68,176.56
West Virginia$50,365.76
Wisconsin$56,561.38
Wyoming$51,739.80

Median Individual Income by State

Again, median individual incomes are a better measure for most purposes. They denote where half of workers make more – and half make less. In 2020, the overall median individual income was $43,206.00.

Median Individual Income by State in 2020

Here's the median individual income by state (plus D.C.):

StateMedian Individual Income
Alabama$41,000.00
Alaska$42,606.00
Arizona$39,501.00
Arkansas$40,000.00
California$44,410.00
Colorado$45,030.00
Connecticut$50,015.00
Delaware$40,402.00
District of Columbia$74,500.00
Florida$40,000.00
Georgia$39,524.00
Hawaii$45,055.00
Idaho$42,102.00
Illinois$46,481.00
Indiana$43,041.00
Iowa$40,020.00
Kansas$41,080.00
Kentucky$40,026.00
Louisiana$40,000.00
Maine$42,551.00
Maryland$52,000.00
Massachusetts$53,017.00
Michigan$44,606.00
Minnesota$50,000.00
Mississippi$32,763.00
Missouri$40,050.00
Montana$39,000.00
Nebraska$43,010.00
Nevada$43,900.00
New Hampshire$48,226.00
New Jersey$51,510.00
New Mexico$36,000.00
New York$46,020.00
North Carolina$40,125.00
North Dakota$45,503.00
Ohio$41,828.00
Oklahoma$40,400.00
Oregon$41,602.00
Pennsylvania$44,220.00
Rhode Island$48,000.00
South Carolina$42,000.00
South Dakota$40,001.00
Tennessee$40,000.00
Texas$40,075.00
Utah$40,606.00
Vermont$47,000.00
Virginia$50,010.00
Washington$48,137.00
West Virginia$38,000.00
Wisconsin$43,020.00
Wyoming$42,100.00

Top 1% Individual Income by State

And of course, because it comes up so often, we also need the top 1% individual incomes by state!

As with the household income, be more skeptical of these numbers – there just aren't as many earners, and earnings are more spread out than the rest of the distribution (still, they should be close).

Top 1% Individual Income by State in 2020

In 2020, the top 1% individual income countrywide was $361,020.00. Here are the top 1% individual incomes by state:

StateTop 1% Household Income
Alabama$264,010.00
Alaska$299,250.00
Arizona$333,250.00
Arkansas$350,050.00
California$402,014.00
Colorado$407,626.00
Connecticut$426,006.00
Delaware$276,442.00
District of Columbia$516,875.00
Florida$369,025.00
Georgia$285,350.00
Hawaii$282,927.00
Idaho$363,088.00
Illinois$422,305.00
Indiana$245,600.00
Iowa$235,020.00
Kansas$359,015.00
Kentucky$401,000.00
Louisiana$363,000.00
Maine$246,251.00
Maryland$500,074.00
Massachusetts$472,070.00
Michigan$333,300.00
Minnesota$348,510.00
Mississippi$240,106.00
Missouri$253,300.00
Montana$320,010.00
Nebraska$261,011.00
Nevada$300,003.00
New Hampshire$370,000.00
New Jersey$400,234.00
New Mexico$227,000.00
New York$420,119.00
North Carolina$392,000.00
North Dakota$330,162.00
Ohio$354,725.00
Oklahoma$305,250.00
Oregon$501,750.00
Pennsylvania$343,045.00
Rhode Island$321,139.00
South Carolina$310,630.00
South Dakota$270,113.00
Tennessee$300,100.00
Texas$379,000.00
Utah$416,400.00
Vermont$312,350.00
Virginia$443,175.00
Washington$363,002.00
West Virginia$251,862.00
Wisconsin$298,667.00
Wyoming$210,001.00

Individual Income by State Methodology and Estimated Households

Again, for individual income I use microdata from the ASEC survey harmonized by the University of Minnesota.

Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Renae Rodgers, Steven Ruggles and J. Robert Warren. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020.
https://doi.org/10.18128/D030.V8.0

The art here is identifying "workers". Since this is data over an entire year, our workers measure will never match, for example, some individual month's employment survey. It's "people who were part of the workforce in 2019, or wanted to be part."

For more on the screen, see our average individual income article.

Individual Income by State Data Quality and Estimated Workforce

In this next table, I list the number of survey samples per state, as well as the number of workers those samples are weighted into. You can use this to decide how much you trust the numbers above (especially the top 1%).

StateEstimated WorkersSamples
Alabama         2,345,501          1,515
Alaska            387,118          1,072
Arizona         3,895,162          1,446
Arkansas         1,449,640          1,310
California       20,998,498          8,250
Colorado         3,316,264          1,029
Connecticut         1,977,584             859
Delaware            515,309             849
District of Columbia            442,523          1,404
Florida       11,035,962          3,607
Georgia         5,402,642          1,774
Hawaii            742,767          1,312
Idaho            966,441          1,384
Illinois         6,932,214          2,229
Indiana         3,667,386          1,364
Iowa         1,834,463          1,060
Kansas         1,603,672          1,100
Kentucky         2,201,401             814
Louisiana         2,296,080          1,804
Maine            767,767             621
Maryland         3,637,703          1,126
Massachusetts         4,062,667          1,905
Michigan         5,356,761          1,829
Minnesota         3,278,203          1,198
Mississippi         1,391,732          1,306
Missouri         3,341,424          1,096
Montana            587,057          1,406
Nebraska         1,114,824          1,185
Nevada         1,685,502          1,228
New Hampshire            817,376          1,116
New Jersey         4,804,605          1,550
New Mexico         1,006,239          1,386
New York       10,356,691          3,351
North Carolina         5,510,434          1,808
North Dakota            436,980          1,248
Ohio         6,239,145          1,863
Oklahoma         2,045,073          1,238
Oregon         2,263,218          1,366
Pennsylvania         7,139,041          2,178
Rhode Island            603,650             698
South Carolina         2,672,505          1,240
South Dakota            503,679             995
Tennessee         3,569,882          1,455
Texas       15,317,038          4,894
Utah         1,759,330          1,480
Vermont            371,942          1,020
Virginia         4,754,315          1,643
Washington         4,311,778          1,719
West Virginia            861,428          1,308
Wisconsin         3,322,455          1,231
Wyoming            313,237          1,121

Diving Deep on State Incomes

This is a hard one to visualize – there is just so much data backing this post. But don't worry, there's a better way – check out our income percentile by state calculator. There you can compare states head to head, and choose to show or hide states to see the info you need.

And income by state is a pretty good measure – especially for smaller states. However, it doesn't really show much in all cases.

For example, a good income in Humboldt County, California does not necessarily go as far in the San Francisco Bay Area. For this, I made an income percentile by city post – it's even better (well, if the metro you are interested in is listed!).

But let's be honest: state is a pretty good slice.

See past data:

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